correspondence:- the creation of the earth and man


I would, if I may,  like  to comment favourably on the excellent excerpt from Elpis Israel on page 25 of last months copy of the Waymark entitled: “The Creation of the Earth and Man”.

Brother Thomas would probably be labelled as an “old earth creationist” today, as opposed to the Church of Rome in the days of Copernicus who would be regarded as “new earth creationists”.

Today, the dispute between new and old earth creationists arrises from a mistaken reading of the KJV for verses 1 and 2 of Genesis one:

“In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.”

Some imagine that “created” must mean ‘created from nothing’, and that “the heaven and the earth” must mean ‘the universe and the planet earth’.  We find that all these assumptions are without any foundation. The original word rendered “created” is “Bara” and is never used to signify something that has been created from nothing.

A valid rendering of “bara” is shown in Youngs Literal Translation as follows:

“In the beginning of God’s preparing [bara] the heavens and the earth” (Gen. 1:1 YLT)

Brother Thomas’ understanding is that the “preparing” of our creation was the bringing to life of a dead planet in the order and manner detailed in the Genesis one narrative.

The original word for “Heaven” shamayim and according to Strongs is:  “dual of an unused singular shameh; from an unused root meaning to be lofty; the sky (as aloft; the dual perhaps alluding to the visible arch in which the clouds move, as well as to the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve): [rendered in the KJV as] air, heaven(-s).”

The word “heaven” appears in vv 1,8,9,14,15,17,20 of chapter one of Genesis. Are we to understand it as “the sky” or as (less often) “the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve” ?

Well, surly we must let the author (God) define His terms on this as He clearly does in verses 8. We quote from verses 6-8 for connection:

“And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.  And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.  And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day”

So this is when and how “God created the heaven” (v1) which is “the firmament” or sky-not the universe! At this point many modern translations admit it is the sky, as follows for verse 8:

New International Version

God called the vault “sky.”

New Living Translation

God called the space “sky.”

Berean Standard Bible

God called the expanse “sky.”

Amplified Bible

God called the expanse [of sky] heaven.

Christian Standard Bible

God called the expanse “sky.”

Holman Christian Standard Bible

God called the expanse “sky.”

Aramaic Bible in Plain English

And God called the sky, Heaven;

Contemporary English Version

and named it “Sky.”

Good News Translation

He named the dome “Sky.”

International Standard Version

God called the canopy “sky.”

New American Bible

God called the dome “sky.”

NET Bible

God called the expanse “sky.”

New Revised Standard Version

God called the dome Sky.

New Heart English Bible

And God called the expanse Sky.

World English Bible

God called the expanse “sky.”


Likewise, the author (God) defines in verse 10, His term “the earth”. We quote from verse 9 for connection:

“And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.”  And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good” (Gen. 1:9-10)

The term “earth” appears 13 times in Genesis 1: vv1,2,11,12,15,17,20,22,24,26,28,29,30,

Where the original  word for “earth” is ‘eretz’ and generally refers to ‘land’

In so defining His terms The Creator makes an equivalence of the terms “dry land” and “earth”;  and “firmament” (sky) and “heaven”.

So there are no grounds, scriptural or scientific for following the Roman Catholic Church on new earth creationism. Some may think the new earth creationism is a better guard against evolution,  but as Genesis 1:2 shows, this planet had a collapsed atmosphere about 6000 years ago, and no dry land, thus rendering any ‘theories’ of evolution untenable. Some scientists have dated the atmosphere as being less than 10,000 years old, and latest research indicates that the planet was indeed covered in water at some time in the past, as follows:

Nature Geoscience volume 13, pages243–248 (2020).  As follows:

“Although about 70 percent of Earth’s surface is currently covered in water, new research suggests ancient Earth might not have had any land at all.

NASA Earth Observatory

New research suggests ancient Earth was a water world, with little to no land in sight. And that could have major implications for the origin and evolution of life…

The scientists based their findings on unique rock samples found in Western Australia’s Panorama district. Because rocks carry imprints of the environments they formed in…”

An early Earth without emergent continents may have resembled a ‘water world,’ providing an important environmental constraint on the origin and evolution of life on Earth, as well as its possible existence elsewhere,” wrote the authors of the new study, which was published March 2 in Nature Geoscience.”

Ancient Earth may have been a “water world” with no dry land

By Korey Haynes  |  Published: Friday, March 6, 2020

In this case, there is no conflict between Science and the Bible, and Science itself creates problems for the evolutionists. So lets all ditch the Churches and return to Dr.Thomas in Elpis Israel on the Biblical account of Creation.

Les Fern